Catterick Garrison

Catterick Garrison is a charming town located in the heart of North Yorkshire, England. Known for its rich military history, this town is a popular destination for visitors looking to explore the region’s fascinating past. With its picturesque countryside, quaint shops, and friendly locals, Catterick Garrison is the perfect place to escape the hustle and bustle of city life and immerse yourself in the beauty of rural England.

Did you know: Catterick Garrison is headquarters to a large amount of the British Army, and was known as Catterick Camp from1915-1973. Before 1915, it was called Richmond Camp. See more History of Catterick Garrison, below.

One of the main attractions of Catterick Garrison is its close proximity to the stunning Yorkshire Dales National Park. Visitors can take a leisurely stroll through the rolling hills and lush green valleys, or embark on a more challenging hike to one of the many peaks in the area. The town itself is also close by to a number of historic landmarks, including the Catterick Bridge and the Richmond Castle, both of which offer a glimpse into the town’s fascinating past. Whether you’re a history buff, nature lover, or simply looking for a peaceful retreat, Catterick Garrison is a must-visit destination in North Yorkshire.

Accommodation in Catterick Garrison

Picture of Hambleton Road East

Hambleton Road East

58 Hambleton Road, Catterick Garrison, DL9 4HT, United Kingdom

History of Catterick Garrison

Nestled in the heart of Yorkshire, Catterick Garrison’s origins are deeply rooted in British military history, reflecting a century-long evolution from a temporary camp to one of the UK’s most significant military installations. The idea for siting the garrison was first proposed by Robert Baden-Powell, the founder of the Scouting movement, in 1908. At that time, Baden-Powell was serving as Inspector-General of Cavalry, based out of Richmond Castle. This visionary proposal laid the groundwork for what would become a pivotal military establishment.

The outbreak of the First World War accelerated the need for a large-scale military camp, leading to the official order for Catterick’s construction on 12 August 1914. Initially envisaged as a temporary arrangement, the camp was designed to house two complete divisions, amounting to approximately 40,000 men in 2,000 huts. This ambitious plan marked the beginning of Catterick’s long-standing association with the British Army.

Originally named Richmond Camp, the facility underwent its first renaming to Catterick Camp in 1915, reflecting its growing permanence and importance. This name would later evolve to Catterick Garrison in 1973, signifying its expansion and enhanced military role. The end of the First World War saw the camp serve as a prisoner of war camp, but it was the partitioning of Ireland in 1921 that sparked the suggestion to establish Catterick as a permanent military barracks. With the land acquired, John Laing & Son took on the construction task in 1923, laying the foundations of the modern garrison. By the mid-1930s, the majority of the camp’s facilities were in place, setting the stage for its crucial role during the Second World War as a prisoner of war camp once again.

In a nod to its rich heritage and the centennial of the Armistice marking the end of the First World War, Catterick Garrison celebrated in 2018 with the unveiling of four stone monuments. These include a steam locomotive and a likeness of Lord Baden Powell, commemorating not only the end of the conflict but also the enduring spirit of those who have served within its confines. Situated on the town’s central roundabout, these monuments serve as a lasting tribute to the garrison’s historical significance and its role in shaping the military and cultural fabric of Yorkshire.

Facts About Catterick Garrison

  1. Catterick Garrison is a major British Army base located in North Yorkshire.
  2. The garrison was established in 1915 as a training camp for soldiers during World War I.
  3. It is the largest British Army garrison in the world, covering an area of over 2,400 acres.
  4. The garrison is home to the Infantry Training Centre, where all infantry soldiers in the British Army are trained.
  5. Catterick Garrison is also home to the Army Medical Services Training Centre and the Royal Army Veterinary Corps Training Centre.
  6. The garrison has a population of around 13,000 people, including military personnel and their families.
  7. There are a number of schools, shops, and leisure facilities within the garrison, including a cinema, swimming pool, and gym.
  8. The garrison is located close to the A1(M) motorway, providing easy access to other parts of the country.
  9. Catterick Garrison has a long history of military training and has been used by the British Army for over 100 years.
  10. The garrison has played a key role in many military operations, including both World Wars and more recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Catterick Garrison on a Map

FAQs about Catterick Garrison

What is Catterick Garrison?

Catterick Garrison is a major military base located in North Yorkshire, England. It is home to the British Army’s largest training establishment and is a hub for military personnel and their families.

Can civilians visit Catterick Garrison?

Yes, civilians can visit Catterick Garrison, but they must have a valid reason for doing so. Visitors must obtain a pass from the main gate and follow the rules and regulations of the base.

What facilities are available at Catterick Garrison?

Catterick Garrison has a range of facilities, including shops, restaurants, a cinema, a gym, and sports facilities. There are also medical and dental services available on the base.

How do I get to Catterick Garrison?

Catterick Garrison is located near the A1(M) motorway and is easily accessible by car. The nearest train station is Northallerton, which is approximately 15 miles away. There are also regular bus services to and from the base.

What is the history of Catterick Garrison?

Catterick Garrison has a long and rich history dating back to Roman times. It has been a military base since the 19th century and has played a significant role in both World War I and World War II. Today, it is a modern and thriving military community.

Where Next After Catterick Garrison

After visiting Catterick Garrison, North Yorkshire, there are plenty of other places to explore in the area. Just a short drive away is the charming market town of Richmond, which boasts a stunning castle and beautiful Georgian architecture. Take a stroll along the River Swale or visit the Richmondshire Museum to learn about the town’s fascinating history.

For those looking for outdoor adventures, the Yorkshire Dales National Park is just a stone’s throw away. With its rolling hills, picturesque villages, and stunning landscapes, it’s the perfect place for hiking, cycling, or simply taking in the breathtaking scenery. Be sure to visit the iconic Aysgarth Falls and the charming village of Hawes, home to the famous Wensleydale Creamery.

View more places in North Yorkshire.